Posted in History Philosophy

Huxley’s Church and Maxwell’s Demon: From Theistic Science by Matthew Stanley

By Matthew Stanley

During the Victorian interval, the perform of technology shifted from a non secular context to a naturalistic one. it's mostly assumed that this shift happened simply because naturalistic technological know-how was once designated from and improved to theistic technological know-how. but as Huxley’s Church and Maxwell’s Demon unearths, lots of the methodological values underlying clinical perform have been nearly exact for the theists and the naturalists: each one agreed at the significance of the uniformity of typical legislation, using speculation and conception, the ethical worth of technological know-how, and highbrow freedom. but when medical naturalism didn't upward push to dominance due to its methodological superiority, then how did it triumph?
           
Matthew Stanley explores the overlap and shift among theistic and naturalistic technological know-how via a parallel research of 2 significant clinical figures: James Clerk Maxwell, a religious Christian physicist, and Thomas Henry Huxley, the iconoclast biologist who coined the observe agnostic. either have been deeply engaged within the methodological, institutional, and political concerns that have been an important to the theistic-naturalistic transformation. What Stanley’s research of those figures finds is that the clinical naturalists finished a few recommendations over a new release to realize regulate of the associations of medical schooling and to reimagine the background in their self-discipline. instead of a unexpected revolution, the similarity among theistic and naturalistic technological know-how allowed for a comparatively gentle transition in perform from the outdated safeguard to the new.

Show description

Continue reading "Huxley’s Church and Maxwell’s Demon: From Theistic Science by Matthew Stanley"

Posted in History Philosophy

Die Naturwissenschaften: Eine Biographie by Lars Jaeger

By Lars Jaeger

Die Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, erzählt als großes Abenteuer auf dem Weg zu Wissen und Erkenntnis

Mit Die Naturwissenschaften: Eine Biographie legt Lars Jaeger ein Grundlagenwerk vor, das auch Lesern ohne Vorkenntnisse anschaulich und verständlich in großen verbindenden Bögen die Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften von ihren Ursprüngen bis heute erzählt und erklärt. Dabei wird nicht nur deutlich, wie sehr das abendländische Denken vom jeweiligen Forschungsstand beeinflusst wurde; der Autor zeigt auch auf, wie wichtig ein Verständnis der Entwicklung der Naturwissenschaften für die kluge Gestaltung unserer Zukunft ist. Denn mit den immer schnelleren technologischen Veränderungen zeichnen sich heute bedeutende Umwälzungen in unserem Denken und Leben ab, die auch neue erkenntnistheoretische und ethische Fragen aufwerfen.

Lars Jaeger liefert beides: Orientierungshilfe und spannende Lektüre. Indem er den „Lebensweg“ der Naturwissenschaften in seiner ganzen Dramatik beschreibt, gelingt es ihm zugleich, etwas Grundlegendes zu vermitteln: die große Magie des Wissens. Ein Buch zum Eintauchen und Festlesen!

Ein wunderbar geschriebenes und kenntnisreiches Buch, das hilft, die unerträgliche Unkenntnis der Wissenschaftsgeschichte zu verringern. Wer die Gegenwart mit ihren technischen Möglichkeiten verstehen will, muss den Weg kennen, den die Wissenschaft dafür bereitet hat. Mit diesem erzählenden Buch kann das mühelos gelingen.Ernst Peter Fischer

Warum wir die Wissenschaft verstehen müssen

Unsere heutige Gesellschaft entfaltet sich in vollständiger Abhängigkeit vom wissenschaftlich-technischen Fortschritt. Insofern ist es erstaunlich, wie wenig wach das Bewusstsein für den Entwicklungsstand der Wissenschaften unter gesellschaftlichen Entscheidungsträgern und Intellektuellen ist. Dabei zeichnen sich vor dem Hintergrund unseres rasant zunehmenden Wissens über die Natur und der daraus erwachsenden technologischen Möglichkeiten bereits die Konturen eines neuen epochalen „Sprungs der Menschheit“ ab. Wir brauchen dafür in der Gesellschaft eine gute Kenntnis der Fundamente unserer Wissenschaft.

Doch lassen sich die abstrakten Aussagen komplizierter wissenschaftlicher Theorien wie etwa der Quantenmechanik überhaupt einem breiten Publikum erklären? Lars Jaegers Antwort lautet: „ja“. Und der beste Weg ist die Vermittlung der historischen Entstehung dieser Theorien. Führt guy sich die jeweiligen konkreten Fragestellungen, die zu den Paradigmen der modernen Naturwissenschaften führten, vor Augen, offenbaren sich auch sehr abstrakte Naturtheorien als äußerst konkret. Zugleich eröffnet sich durch die Betrachtung der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften ein Verständnis für das Zusammenspiel wissenschaftlichen Fortschritts mit gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen. So liefert uns dieses Buch nicht nur eine wertvolle Orientierungshilfe für die Herausforderungen der Moderne, sondern es eröffnet uns auch einen ganz neuen Blick in die Ferne. In eine Zukunft, die unmittelbar bevorsteht.

Show description

Continue reading "Die Naturwissenschaften: Eine Biographie by Lars Jaeger"

Posted in History Philosophy

What is Life?: With Mind and Matter and Autobiographical by Erwin Schrodinger

By Erwin Schrodinger

Nobel laureate Erwin Schrödinger's what's existence? is likely one of the nice technological know-how classics of the 20th century. It used to be written for the layman, yet proved to be one of many spurs to the delivery of molecular biology and the next discovery of DNA. what's lifestyles? looks right here including brain and subject, his essay investigating a dating which has eluded and questioned philosophers because the earliest occasions. introduced including those classics are Schrödinger's autobiographical sketches, which provide a desirable account of his lifestyles as a historical past to his clinical writings.

Show description

Continue reading "What is Life?: With Mind and Matter and Autobiographical by Erwin Schrodinger"

Posted in History Philosophy

Das Unendliche: Mathematiker ringen um einen Begriff by Rudolf Taschner

By Rudolf Taschner

Philosophen und Theologen haben ?ber das Unendliche nachgedacht. Doch die wahre Wissenschaft vom Unendlichen ist die Mathematik.
Rudolf Taschner gelingt es, diesen zentralen Begriff auch dem mathematischen Laien zu vermitteln. Auf anschauliche Weise beschreibt er, wie bereits Pythagoras, Archimedes und Euklid versucht haben, das Unendliche zu fassen. Er macht uns mit Newton und Leibniz bekannt, die entdeckten, da? das Ph?nomen von Bewegung und Wandel nur durch die Erforschung des Unendlichen verst?ndlich wird. Mit Spannung kann der Leser den dramatischen Streit zwischen den unterschiedlichen Positionen von Cantor, Hilbert und Brouwer verfolgen - ein Streit, der nach den Erkenntnissen G?dels unentschiedener ist denn je.

Show description

Continue reading "Das Unendliche: Mathematiker ringen um einen Begriff by Rudolf Taschner"

Posted in History Philosophy

Why Popcorn Costs So Much at the Movies: And Other Pricing by Richard B. McKenzie

By Richard B. McKenzie

Why Popcorn charges a lot on the video clips, And different Pricing Puzzles unravels the pricing mysteries we stumble upon on a daily basis.

Have you ever puzzled why all videos, even if blockbusters or duds, have a similar price ticket prices?
Why occasionally there are unfastened lunches?
Why such a lot of costs finish with "9"?
Why ink cartridges can price up to printers?
Why retailers supply revenues, coupons, and rebates?
Why lengthy traces are sturdy for shoppers?
Why males earn greater than girls, around the world – and why they constantly will?

Richard McKenzie is going directly to convey how the Sept. 11 terrorists nonetheless kill american citizens on a daily basis, simply because their assault distorted the perceived dangers and relative costs of air vs. motor vehicle shuttle, and jacked up either safety bills and flight delays. Professor McKenzie additionally explores the unintentional effects of well-meaning efforts to spur using environmentally pleasant fuels: hunger between thousands of individuals world wide, and the destruction of rainforests in Malaysia and Indonesia.

How can these items be? in case you imagine you recognize the solutions, re-examine. Why Popcorn expenditures a lot on the video clips, And different Pricing Puzzles exhibits you that the genuine purposes are refined and stunning – and in Professor McKenzie’s arms, either informative and entertaining.

You won’t desire a measure in economics to get pleasure from this attention-grabbing booklet, simply an armchair and an inquiring mind.

"This is likely one of the best possible books on pricing. while you are seeking to comprehend the economics of the area round you, you are able to do no greater than to begin here."
Tyler Cowen, George Mason collage; economics blogger of "www.marginalrevolution.com"

"Truly freeing. utilizing a chain of attention-grabbing enigmas we’ve all encountered in our day-by-day lives, Richard McKenzie finds how the true monetary international works. hugely readable. terribly enlightening."
W. Michael Cox, senior vp and leader economist on the Federal Reserve financial institution of Dallas

"Anything we expect approximately each day is necessary. And who is going an afternoon with no wondering costs? yet costs are extra very important than most folk become aware of. when you are attracted to lowering toxins from vehicles, or now not being fooled into paying an excessive amount of, or too little, for items, or in exactly getting the simplest deal on popcorn on the videos, you'll reap the benefits of figuring out extra approximately costs than most folks do. and there's no more straightforward, or interesting, means of checking out extra on how and why costs are very important than by way of analyzing McKenzie's attention-grabbing ebook Why Popcorn charges lots on the video clips, And different Pricing Puzzles. And are humans particularly fooled through all these costs that result in ninety nine cents? you may be surprised."

Dwight Lee, collage of Georgia

Show description

Continue reading "Why Popcorn Costs So Much at the Movies: And Other Pricing by Richard B. McKenzie"

Posted in History Philosophy

The Splendid Feast of Reason by S. Jonathan Singer

By S. Jonathan Singer

It truly is not easy to think that this can be Dr. Singer's first publication, according to how well-written it really is. i am hoping he's engaged on a moment. i just can't think what number nice principles are packed into this one brief paintings. i stopped up underlining each fifth line or so. easily placed, this publication is for everybody who acknowledges the mass irrationality of humanity. will probably be comforting to discover one other rational brain who speaks so at once in praising technological know-how and cause, and stating the folly of the extra noticeable and "popular" features of society. I worry this publication should be little learn since it is simply too wonderful and choked with extra knowledge than many people manage to connect to. let's accept it, truly clever and clever humans cannot allure a lot of an viewers in our smooth international. if you be person who longs to learn a few vital and well-crafted strains at the kingdom of humanity; the place we went unsuitable and the place we bought it correct, you could not do higher than to choose up this gem--one of the simplest books i have learn in many years.

Show description

Continue reading "The Splendid Feast of Reason by S. Jonathan Singer"

Posted in History Philosophy

Institutional Bias by A W Montford

By A W Montford

In 2007, the strength crew of the Institute of Physics agreed to ask the previous Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord Lawson, to talk to them approximately his new booklet on worldwide warming. whereas the entire individuals of the group's committee have been captivated with the belief of listening to from anyone so sought after, their choice unleashed a weird and wonderful series of retaliatory activities, which left the strength staff in tatters.
Told during the eyes of team chairman, Peter Gill, this new pamphlet unearths how one discovered society has tried to accommodate dissenting voices at the international warming query and paints a traumatic photo of intolerance and bias.

Show description

Continue reading "Institutional Bias by A W Montford"

Posted in History Philosophy

The Five Biggest Unsolved Problems In Science by Arthur W. Wiggins

By Arthur W. Wiggins

Книга рассказывает о крупнейших проблемах астрономии, физики, химии, биологии и геологии, над которыми сейчас работают учёные. Авторы рассматривают открытия, приведшие к этим проблемам, знакомят с работой по их решению, обсуждают новые теории, в том числе теории струн, хаоса, генома человека и укладки белков.
Для широкого круга читателей.

Скриншоты

Show description

Continue reading "The Five Biggest Unsolved Problems In Science by Arthur W. Wiggins"

Posted in History Philosophy

Underdetermination: An Essay on Evidence and the Limits of by Thomas Bonk

By Thomas Bonk

Underdetermination. An Essay on facts and the boundaries of normal wisdom is a wide-ranging research of the thesis that medical theories are systematically "underdetermined" via the information they account for. This much-debated thesis is a thorn within the part of clinical realists and methodologists of technology alike and of past due has been vigorously attacked. After studying the epistemological and ontological ascpects of the talk intimately, and reviewing pertinent logical proof and chosen clinical instances, Bonk conscientiously examines the benefits of arguments for and opposed to the thesis. alongside the way in which, he investigates methodological proposals and up to date theories of affirmation, which promise to discriminate between observationally identical theories on evidential grounds. He explores sympathetically yet seriously W.V.Quine and H. Putnam s arguments for the thesis, the connection among indeterminacy and underdetermination, and percentages for a conventionalist resolution.

Show description

Continue reading "Underdetermination: An Essay on Evidence and the Limits of by Thomas Bonk"

Posted in History Philosophy

Animal, Vegetable, Mineral?: How eighteenth-century science by Susannah Gibson

By Susannah Gibson

Because the time of Aristotle, there have been a transparent divide among the 3 kingdoms of animal, vegetable, and mineral. yet by means of the eighteenth century, organic experiments, and the wide variety of latest creatures coming to Europe from internationally, challenged those neat divisions. Abraham Trembley came across that freshwater polyps grew into entire contributors whilst minimize. This stunning discovery raised deep questions: used to be it a plant or an animal? And this used to be now not the one conundrum. What of coral? used to be it a rock or a dwelling shape? Did crops have sexes, like animals? the limits looked as if it would blur. And what did all this say concerning the nature of existence itself? have been animals and vegetation soul-less, mechanical kinds, as Descartes instructed? The debates raging throughout technology performed into many of the largest and so much debatable problems with Enlightenment Europe. during this e-book, Susannah Gibson explains how a research of pond slime can cause humans to question the lifestyles of the soul; commentary of eggs can make a guy doubt that God had created the realm; how the invention of the Venus fly-trap was once associated with the French Revolution; and the way interpretations of fossils might swap our knowing of the Earth's background. utilizing rigorous historic examine, and a full of life and readable variety, this ebook vividly captures the massive matters of eighteenth-century technology. And the debates about the divisions of lifestyles didn't finish there; they proceed to have resonances in sleek biology.

Show description

Continue reading "Animal, Vegetable, Mineral?: How eighteenth-century science by Susannah Gibson"